1. Fourteen healthy Swedish Caucasian subjects were given 20 mg of omeprazole orally each morning for 8 days. The subjects included five poor metabolisers (PM) of S-mephenytoin, four heterozygous extensive metabolisers (hetEM) and five subjects with a very rapid metabolism (rapidEM). 2. After the first dose, the relative mean areas under the plasma concentration vs time curve (AUC) of omeprazole in rapidEM, hetEM and PM were 1:3.7:20 (all different, P < 0.001). A similar relation was seen in the AUC(0,10 h) of the sulphone metabolite (1:3:12). Concentrations of hydroxyomeprazole were higher in EM than in PM confirming that the hydroxy, but not the sulphone metabolite, is formed by the S-mephenytoin hydroxylase (CYP2C19). After 8 days of treatment, the differences between groups were similar. 3. After both the first and the eighth doses, the omeprazole/hydroxyomeprazole plasma concentration ratio, determined 3 h after drug intake, correlated with the mephenytoin S/R ratio (rs = 0.94; P < 0.001; n = 14) suggesting that omeprazole might be used to phenotype for CYP2C19. 4. After the first dose of omeprazole, there was no difference in the AUC(0,10 h) of plasma gastrin between the three groups. From the first to the eighth dose, the AUC(0,10) of gastrin increased significantly in both hetEM and PM, while there was no change in the rapidEM. After the eighth dose, the AUC(0,10) of gastrin correlated significantly with the AUC of omeprazole in plasma (rs = 0.79; P < 0.01; n = 13).