Interphenotype differences in disposition and effect on gastrin levels of omeprazole--suitability of omeprazole as a probe for CYP2C19

Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1995 May;39(5):511-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2125.1995.tb04488.x.


1. Fourteen healthy Swedish Caucasian subjects were given 20 mg of omeprazole orally each morning for 8 days. The subjects included five poor metabolisers (PM) of S-mephenytoin, four heterozygous extensive metabolisers (hetEM) and five subjects with a very rapid metabolism (rapidEM). 2. After the first dose, the relative mean areas under the plasma concentration vs time curve (AUC) of omeprazole in rapidEM, hetEM and PM were 1:3.7:20 (all different, P < 0.001). A similar relation was seen in the AUC(0,10 h) of the sulphone metabolite (1:3:12). Concentrations of hydroxyomeprazole were higher in EM than in PM confirming that the hydroxy, but not the sulphone metabolite, is formed by the S-mephenytoin hydroxylase (CYP2C19). After 8 days of treatment, the differences between groups were similar. 3. After both the first and the eighth doses, the omeprazole/hydroxyomeprazole plasma concentration ratio, determined 3 h after drug intake, correlated with the mephenytoin S/R ratio (rs = 0.94; P < 0.001; n = 14) suggesting that omeprazole might be used to phenotype for CYP2C19. 4. After the first dose of omeprazole, there was no difference in the AUC(0,10 h) of plasma gastrin between the three groups. From the first to the eighth dose, the AUC(0,10) of gastrin increased significantly in both hetEM and PM, while there was no change in the rapidEM. After the eighth dose, the AUC(0,10) of gastrin correlated significantly with the AUC of omeprazole in plasma (rs = 0.79; P < 0.01; n = 13).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 2-Pyridinylmethylsulfinylbenzimidazoles
  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gastrins / blood*
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / genetics
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism*
  • Omeprazole / administration & dosage
  • Omeprazole / analogs & derivatives
  • Omeprazole / blood
  • Omeprazole / pharmacokinetics
  • Omeprazole / pharmacology*
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Sweden
  • Tablets, Enteric-Coated


  • 2-Pyridinylmethylsulfinylbenzimidazoles
  • Gastrins
  • Tablets, Enteric-Coated
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • 5-hydroxymethylomeprazole
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases
  • CYP2C19 protein, human
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19
  • Omeprazole