Digestibility characteristics of isomaltooligosaccharides in comparison with several saccharides using the rat jejunum loop method

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1995 Jul;59(7):1190-4. doi: 10.1271/bbb.59.1190.


Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMO) are a mixture of isomaltose, isomaltotriose, panose, isomaltotetraose, etc. IMO and its hydrogenated derivative (IMH) were characterized for their luminal clearance from rat jujunum loops as the indication of their digestibility. They were compared with a disaccharide fraction (IM2) and a higher oligosaccharide fraction (IM3) prepared from IMO, typical digestible saccharides (maltose, maltotriose, and sucrose), and typical nondigestible saccharides (maltitol, raffinose, and fructooligosaccharides (FO)). The clearance rate of IMO was significantly smaller than that of IM2, which was mainly composed of isomaltose (64.3%), and digestible saccharides, and significantly larger than that of nondigestible saccharides. That of IM2 was almost the same as that of sucrose or maltotriose but significantly smaller than that of maltose. That of IM3 tended to be smaller than that of IMO, and larger than that of nondigestible saccharides. That of IMH was significantly smaller than that of IMO and similar to that of maltitol. These results seem to indicate that IMO is slowly digested in the jejunum, that the components having higher degree of polymerization of IMO are less digestible, and that IMH is nondigestible.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Disaccharides / metabolism
  • Hydrogenation
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Jejunum / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Oligosaccharides / chemistry
  • Oligosaccharides / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Disaccharides
  • Oligosaccharides