Personality and patient adherence: correlates of the five-factor model in renal dialysis

J Behav Med. 1995 Jun;18(3):305-13. doi: 10.1007/BF01857875.


The five-factor taxonomy of personality traits has received increasing attention in the literature regarding personality correlates of health outcomes and behaviors. We examined the association of the five NEO Five-Factor Inventory dimensions to medical regimen adherence in a sample of 72 renal dialysis patients. Results indicated that Conscientiousness (Dimension III) is a five-factor trait significantly associated with adherence to the medication regimen. No other NEO-FFI dimension was significantly associated with patient adherence.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / psychology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Statistical
  • Patient Compliance / psychology*
  • Peritoneal Dialysis / psychology*
  • Personality Inventory* / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychometrics
  • Renal Dialysis / psychology*
  • Sick Role*