The selective P2X purinoceptor agonist, beta,gamma-methylene-L-adenosine 5'-triphosphate, discriminates between smooth muscle and neuronal P2X purinoceptors

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1995 Jun;351(6):603-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00170159.


The effects of the putative selective P2X purinoceptor agonist, beta,gamma-methylene-L-adenosine 5'-triphosphate (beta gamma me-L-ATP), were determined at rat neuronal and smooth muscle P2X purinoceptors. beta gamma Me-L-ATP had no effect on the extracellularly recorded membrane potential of the rat isolated vagus nerve preparation at concentrations up to 300 microM. In contrast, the archetypal P2X purinoceptor agonist, alpha,beta-methylene ATP (alpha beta meATP; 1-100 microM), produced concentration-related depolarisation responses with a mean EC50 value of 10.8 microM. The depolarising effects of alpha beta meATP were not attenuated by beta gamma me-L-ATP (100 microM). In voltage clamp experiments on single nodose ganglion neurones, ATP (100 microM), but not beta gamma me-L-ATP (1-300 microM), evoked rapid (< 20 ms onset) inward currents when applied using a concentration-clamp method. In receptor binding studies to rat brain membranes, beta gamma me-D-ATP and alpha beta meATP competed with high affinity for [3H]alpha beta meATP binding sites, with mean pIC50 values of 7.7 and 8.3, respectively. However, beta gamma me-L-ATP possessed low affinity for these sites and competed only at concentrations in excess of 10 microM (mean pIC50 value 4.1). In prostatic segments of the rat vas deferens, beta gamma me-L-ATP (1-100 microM) and alpha beta meATP (0.3-100 microM) each produced concentration-related contractile responses with mean EC50 values of 17.1 and 3.6 microM, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / analogs & derivatives*
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Electrophysiology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Muscle, Smooth / metabolism*
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Purinergic P2 Receptor Agonists*
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / metabolism
  • Vagus Nerve / metabolism
  • Vas Deferens / metabolism


  • Purinergic P2 Receptor Agonists
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2
  • 5'-adenylyl (beta,gamma-methylene)diphosphonate
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate