The Hutterite population is a genetic isolate with an increased incidence of cystic fibrosis (CF). Previously we identified three CF haplotypes defined by polymorphisms flanking the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. delta F508 was present on one of the haplotypes in only 35% of CF chromosomes. We hypothesized that the other two CF haplotypes, one of which was the most common and the other of which is rare, each harbored different non-delta F508 mutations. Single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis detected a missense mutation, M1101K, in both chromosomes of a Hutterite patient carrying the two non-delta F508 haplotypes. M1101K appears to have originated on an uncommon CFTR allele and to be infrequent outside the Hutterite population. The presence of M1101K on two haplotypes is likely the result of a CFTR intragenic recombination which occurred since the founding, 10-12 generations ago, of the Hutterite population. The crossover was located between exons 14a and 17b, an interval of approximately 15 kbp. delta F508 and M1101K accounted for all of the CF mutations in patients from 16 CF families representing the three subdivisions of the Hutterite population.