Evidence for the participation of protein kinase C and 3',5'-cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase in the stimulation of muscle cell proliferation by 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1993 Jan;90(2):231-8. doi: 10.1016/0303-7207(93)90156-e.


Treatment with 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) (1-12 h, 10(-10) M) stimulates DNA synthesis in proliferating myoblasts, with an early response at 2-4 h of treatment followed by a maximal effect at 10 h. To investigate the mechanism involved in the mitogenic action of the hormone we studied the possible activation of intracellular messengers by 1,25(OH)2D3. The initial phase of stimulation of [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA by the sterol was mimicked by the protein kinase C activator tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) in a manner which was dose dependent and specific as the inactive analog 4 alpha-phorbol was without effect. Maximal responses to TPA (100 nM) were obtained at 4 h. Staurosporine, a protein kinase C inhibitor, blocked the effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on myoblast proliferation at 4 h. In addition, a fast (1-5 min) elevation of diacylglycerol levels and membrane-associated protein kinase C activity was observed in response to 1,25(OH)2D3. The adenylate cyclase activator forskolin (20 microM) and dibutyryl-cAMP (50 microM) increased DNA synthesis reproducing the second 1,25(OH)2D3-dependent stimulatory phase at 10 h. Inhibitors of protein kinase A blocked the increase in muscle cell DNA synthesis induced by 1,25(OH)2D3 at 10 h. Significant increases in cyclic AMP levels were detected in myoblasts treated with the sterol for 1-10 h. The calcium channel antagonist nifedipine (5-10 microM) abolished both the effects of 4-h treatment with 1,25(OH)2D3 or TPA and 10-h treatment with 1,25(OH)2D3 or dibutyryl-cAMP. Similar to the calcium channel agonist Bay K8644, 1,25(OH)2D3 stimulated myoblast 45Ca uptake and its effects were blocked by nifedipine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-, Methyl ester / pharmacology
  • Alkaloids / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Bucladesine / pharmacology
  • Calcitriol / pharmacology*
  • Calcium / physiology
  • Calcium Channels / physiology
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chick Embryo
  • Colforsin / pharmacology
  • DNA / biosynthesis
  • Diglycerides / biosynthesis
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Muscles / cytology*
  • Muscles / drug effects
  • Muscles / enzymology
  • Muscles / metabolism
  • Nifedipine / pharmacology
  • Protein Kinase C / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein Kinase C / physiology*
  • Protein Kinases / physiology*
  • Staurosporine
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
  • Time Factors


  • Alkaloids
  • Calcium Channels
  • Diglycerides
  • Colforsin
  • Bucladesine
  • 3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-, Methyl ester
  • DNA
  • Protein Kinases
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Calcitriol
  • Staurosporine
  • Nifedipine
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
  • Calcium