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, 23 (6), 1215-9

Identification of Peptide Sequences That Potentially Trigger HLA-A2.1-restricted Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes

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Identification of Peptide Sequences That Potentially Trigger HLA-A2.1-restricted Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes

H W Nijman et al. Eur J Immunol.

Abstract

We used the human processing defective cell line 174CEM.T2 (T2) to identify potential cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes of human proteins. Exogenously added peptides can increase the number of properly folded HLA-A2.1 molecules on the cell surface of T2 cells, as shown by immunofluorescence measurements using the mouse monoclonal antibody BB7.2 (anti-HLA-A2.1) and fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled goat anti-mouse F(ab')2 antibody. The peptides were selected on the basis of a computer score derived from the recently described HLA-A2.1 specific motif. Analysis of the influenza matrix protein showed that 15 out of 35 high-scoring peptides up-regulate the expression of HLA-A2.1 molecules on the T2 cell surface. The combination of the computer scoring program and an immunofluorescence-based peptide binding assay allows rapid detection of potential CTL target peptides.

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