Evidence for Transmission of Pseudomonas Cepacia by Social Contact in Cystic Fibrosis

Lancet. 1993 Jul 3;342(8862):15-9. doi: 10.1016/0140-6736(93)91881-l.

Abstract

Pulmonary colonisation with Pseudomonas cepacia in patients with cystic fibrosis can be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The modes of transmission of P cepacia are, however, unclear. We used selective media and phenotypic and genomic typing systems to investigate the acquisition of P cepacia by adults with cystic fibrosis. An analysis of isolates from 210 patients attending regional clinics in Edinburgh and Manchester between 1986 and 1992 showed that the main cause of increased isolations of P cepacia from 1989 was the emergence of an epidemic strain that had spread between patients in both clinics. Epidemiological evidence indicated that social contact was important in spread of the epidemic strain within and between clinics. We suggest that guidelines to limit the acquisition of P cepacia should not be restricted to patients in hospital, and that intimate or frequent social contact is associated with a high risk of cross-infection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Burkholderia cepacia* / classification
  • Burkholderia cepacia* / isolation & purification
  • Cross Infection / epidemiology
  • Cross Infection / microbiology
  • Cross Infection / transmission*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / complications*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / epidemiology
  • Cystic Fibrosis / microbiology
  • Environmental Microbiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infection Control / methods
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Outpatient Clinics, Hospital
  • Pseudomonas Infections / epidemiology
  • Pseudomonas Infections / microbiology
  • Pseudomonas Infections / transmission*
  • Social Environment*
  • Sputum / microbiology
  • United Kingdom / epidemiology