VNTR and microsatellite polymorphisms within the subtelomeric region of 7q

Am J Hum Genet. 1993 Aug;53(2):509-17.


The molecular basis of a highly polymorphic RFLP marker, HTY146c3 (D7S591), within the subtelomeric region of human chromosome 7q was determined by restriction-fragment and DNA sequence analysis. Two polymorphic systems were found--a simple base-substitution polymorphism and a GC-rich VNTR element with a core structure of C3AG2C2. In addition, a compound-imperfect CA dinucleotide-repeat element was identified approximately 10-20 kb from the telomeric sequence repeat (T2AG3), demonstrating that microsatellites can extend essentially to the ends of human chromosomes. The microsatellite marker, sAVH-6 (D7S594), is highly polymorphic, with 10 alleles and an observed heterozygosity of 84% found with the CEPH (Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain) reference pedigree collection. In combination with the RFLPs, the informativeness of the markers contained within 240 kb at the telomere approaches 100%. A unique genetic and physical STS marker, sAVH-6, defines the endpoint of the long arm of human chromosome 7.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods
  • Chromosomes, Fungal
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7*
  • Crossing Over, Genetic
  • DNA, Satellite / analysis*
  • Deoxyribonuclease HpaII
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific
  • Female
  • Gene Library
  • Genetic Markers
  • Genome, Human*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pedigree
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length*
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Telomere / chemistry*


  • DNA, Satellite
  • Genetic Markers
  • Deoxyribonuclease HpaII
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific