Characterization of cDNA clones for the 2-methyl branched-chain enoyl-CoA reductase. An enzyme involved in branched-chain fatty acid synthesis in anaerobic mitochondria of the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum

J Biol Chem. 1993 Oct 25;268(30):22391-6.


The 2-methyl branched-chain enoyl-CoA reductase plays a pivotal role in the reversal of beta-oxidation operating in anaerobic mitochondria of the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum. An affinity-purified polyclonal anti-serum against the reductase was used to screen a cDNA library constructed in lambda gt11 with poly(A)+ RNA from adult A. suum muscle. A 1.2-kilobase partial cDNA clone was isolated, subcloned, and sequenced in both directions. Additional sequence at the 5' end of the mRNA was determined by the RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) procedure. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the cDNAs revealed the 22-nucleotide trans-spliced leader sequence characteristic of many nematode mRNAs, an open reading frame of 1236 nucleotides and a 3'-untranslated sequence of 109 nucleotides including a short poly(A) tail 14 nucleotides from a polyadenylation signal (AATAAA). The open reading frame encoded a 396-amino acid sequence (M(r) 43,046) including a 16-amino acid leader peptide. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of the purified reductase yielded multiple spots with two distinct but overlapping amino-terminal amino acid sequences. Both sequences overlapped with the sequence predicted from the mRNA, and one of the sequences was identical to the predicted sequence. Comparison of the ascarid sequence with that of mammalian acyl-CoA dehydrogenases revealed a high degree of sequence identity, suggesting that these enzymes may have evolved from a common ancestral gene even though the ascarid enzyme functions as a reductase, not as a dehydrogenase. Immunoblotting of A. suum larval stages and adult tissues with antisera that cross-reacted with each of the spots separated on two-dimensional gels suggested that the reductase was only found in adult muscle. Northern blotting using the partial cDNA revealed a hybridization band of about 1.5 kilobases and also suggested that the enzyme was tissue-specific and developmentally regulated in agreement with the results of the immunoblotting.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Anaerobiosis
  • Animals
  • Ascaris suum / enzymology*
  • Ascaris suum / genetics
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Consensus Sequence
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA / isolation & purification
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary / metabolism
  • Fatty Acid Desaturases / genetics
  • Gene Library
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria / enzymology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense
  • Oxidoreductases / genetics*
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors*
  • Poly A / metabolism
  • RNA / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Poly A
  • RNA
  • DNA
  • Oxidoreductases
  • Fatty Acid Desaturases
  • Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors
  • 2-methyl branched-chain enoyl-CoA reductase