Mast cells modulate allergic pulmonary eosinophilia in mice

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1995 Apr;12(4):404-9. doi: 10.1165/ajrcmb.12.4.7695919.


Mast cells are important effector cells in IgE-mediated acute allergic reactions. Mast cells also produce cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-3, IL-4, IL-5, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) that regulate the function of eosinophils and the development of a late-phase inflammatory response to antigen challenge. To evaluate the role of mast cells on the development of IgE-mediated allergic pulmonary eosinophilia in vivo, we compared the eosinophil infiltration into lungs of mast cell deficient mice (WBB6F1/J-W/Wv) with their congenic normal littermates (W/W+). Mice were sensitized with alum-precipitated ovalbumin and challenged with aerosolized ovalbumin on day 12 after sensitization. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, lung tissue biopsies, and blood samples were collected after ovalbumin challenge. Eosinophil numbers in the BAL and lung tissue, lung eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) activity and serum levels of IgE and IgG1 were measured. In sensitized W/W+ mice, there were increased numbers of eosinophils in the BAL fluid and lung tissue, and EPO levels were increased after ovalbumin challenge. Ovalbumin challenge of sensitized mast-cell-deficient mice produced fewer numbers of eosinophils in the BAL fluid and lungs, and EPO levels were also reduced compared with their challenged congenic littermates. On the other hand, levels of serum IgE and IgG1 were not different between W/Wv mice and their congenic littermates.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow Cells
  • Bronchial Provocation Tests
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / cytology
  • Cell Movement
  • Eosinophil Peroxidase
  • Eosinophils / immunology*
  • Hypersensitivity / immunology*
  • Immunization, Passive
  • Immunoglobulin E / blood
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood
  • Male
  • Mast Cells / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Ovalbumin
  • Peroxidases / metabolism
  • Pneumonia / immunology*


  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Ovalbumin
  • Eosinophil Peroxidase
  • Peroxidases