Background: The aim was to compare budesonide enema, 2 mg/100 mL (Entocort) and hydrocortisone acetate foam enema, 125 mg (Colifoam) in patients with active haemorrhagic proctitis.
Methods: The trial was a controlled, randomized, investigator-blind study with two parallel groups. Endoscopy, histology and diary cards were used to assess the response to therapy. Safety was assessed by laboratory tests and adverse event recording.
Results: Seventy-two patients were included. Investigations were made before treatment and after 2 and 4 weeks. Both treatment groups showed statistically significant improvement in endoscopic scores but significant differences between the groups were not found. In the hydrocortisone group, plasma cortisol was significantly lowered after 4 weeks compared with budesonide. Bowel habits and quality of life variables did not differ between the treatments. The recorded adverse events were mild or moderate and may have been due to the proctitis.
Conclusions: These results suggest that budesonide enema is as effective as hydrocortisone foam enema, but without the potential for side-effects associated with suppression of plasma cortisol.