Chemotherapeutic activity of clofazimine and its analogues against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In vitro, intracellular, and in vivo studies

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Apr;151(4):1083-6. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/151.4.1083.


Clofazimine (CFM), a riminophenazine drug, is primarily used in therapy for leprosy and Mycobacterium avium infections. With an objective of identifying drugs active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, including those with multi-drug resistance, we investigated CFM and nine of its chemical analogues. Among these, B746 and B4101 had better activity than CFM against six drug-susceptible and nine single/multiple drug-resistant M. tuberculosis strains. B746 also showed slightly better activity than CFM against intracellular M. tuberculosis in J774A.1 macrophages and was comparable to CFM in its in vivo activity against experimental tuberculosis in C57BL/6 mice. Interestingly, it caused less pigmentation in internal organs.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Clofazimine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Clofazimine / metabolism
  • Clofazimine / pharmacology*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Lung / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / drug effects*
  • Tuberculosis / drug therapy*
  • Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant / drug therapy


  • B 746
  • Clofazimine