The effects of single and multiple oral doses of zileuton on the pharmacokinetics of antipyrine and indocyanine green were studied in 16 healthy, nonsmoking adult men by means of a double-blind, randomized, parallel placebo-controlled design. Indocyanine green disposition was not significantly altered by zileuton. Plasma antipyrine clearance declined by 20% (p < 0.0005) and 52% (p < 0.0005) after single and multiple dose zileuton exposure, respectively. Total urinary recovery of unchanged antipyrine and metabolites decreased with zileuton exposure. Selective declines from baseline of 16% (p = 0.007) and 20% (p = 0.003) after single-dose zileuton and 30% (p < 0.0005) and 43% (p < 0.0005) after multiple-dose zileuton were detected in recovery of 4-hydroxyantipyrine and 3-hydroxymethylantipyrine, respectively. Urinary recovery of the N-demethylantipyrine metabolite norantipyrine and percent of conjugation of 3-hydroxymethylantipyrine were unchanged by zileuton. In conclusion, zileuton therapy has no detectable effect on indocyanine green disposition but exerts marked effects on antipyrine plasma and urine metabolite disposition.