Aqueous humor in glaucomatous eyes contains an increased level of TGF-beta 2

Exp Eye Res. 1994 Dec;59(6):723-7. doi: 10.1006/exer.1994.1158.


By using the highly sensitive and specific technique of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we investigated the presence and amount of transforming growth factor-beta 2 (TGF-beta 2) in samples of aqueous humor obtained from 15 patients who had a clinically established diagnosis of advanced primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), as well as from ten age-matched normal human subjects undergoing cataract surgery. The total amount of TGF-beta 2 in the samples of normal aqueous humor ranged from 0.41 to 2.24 ng ml-1 (mean +/- S.D.: 1.48 +/- 0.68 ng ml-1) of which 4.88 to 37.05% (11.99 +/- 9.95%) was intrinsically active. Compared with normal subjects, the aqueous humor from POAG patients had a statistically significantly greater amount of total TGF-beta 2 (2.70 +/- 0.76 ng ml-1, P < 0.01), as well as a higher level of intrinsically active TGF-beta 2 (0.45 +/- 0.28 ng ml-1, P < 0.05) which corresponded to 1.09 to 60.84% (18.33 +/- 15.50%) of the total amount. No linear correlation was found between the age of the subjects and the protein concentration of the aqueous humor from either normal or glaucomatous eyes, nor between the age of the patient and the total amount of TGF-beta 2. The negligible amount of TGF-beta 2 present in serum argues against its influx into the aqueous humor after breakdown of the blood-aqueous barrier that is known to occur in glaucomatous eyes; rather, our present findings support the concept of the intraocular derivation of this cytokine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aqueous Humor / metabolism*
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / metabolism
  • Eye Proteins / analysis
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / etiology
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitosis
  • Trabecular Meshwork / pathology
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / biosynthesis*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / blood


  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Eye Proteins
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta