Two-year outcome following transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for variceal bleeding: results in 90 patients

Gastroenterology. 1995 Apr;108(4):1143-51. doi: 10.1016/0016-5085(95)90213-9.


Background/aims: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a new therapy for variceal bleeding. Immediate technical and short-term clinical results have been reported. This study was undertaken to evaluate mid-term outcome after TIPS in patients who successfully underwent the procedure for variceal bleeding.

Methods: Ninety patients were followed up prospectively by clinical examination and radiological shunt evaluation including Doppler sonography and transjugular portal venography.

Results: The average follow-up in surviving patients was 2.2 years. The cumulative survival rate was 60% at 1 year and 51% at 2 years. The rate of cumulative rebleeding was 26% at 1 year and 32% at 2 years. A shunt abnormality was noted in all rebleeding patients. Rebleeding was successfully controlled in all but 1 of the patients who underwent shunt revision. Cumulative detection of stenosis or occlusion was 31% at 1 year and 47% at 2 years. Thirty-eight percent of shunt abnormalities were detected by routine surveillance. Percutaneous shunt revision was attempted in 22 patients and was successful in 21 (95%).

Conclusions: Although mid-term primary patency is limited in many patients by the development of a shunt stenosis or occlusion, shunt function can be maintained in most patients by careful surveillance and periodic percutaneous intervention.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Constriction, Pathologic
  • Esophageal and Gastric Varices / mortality
  • Esophageal and Gastric Varices / physiopathology
  • Esophageal and Gastric Varices / surgery*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / mortality
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / physiopathology
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical* / methods
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Recurrence
  • Survival Rate
  • Vascular Patency