Liver transplantation for neonatal hepatitis as compared to the other two leading indications for liver transplantation in children

J Hepatol. 1994 Dec;21(6):1035-9. doi: 10.1016/s0168-8278(05)80614-2.


Neonatal hepatitis is a syndrome of unknown etiology occurring in children with viral liver disease, as well as children with unidentified disorders of bile salt synthesis and other poorly understood metabolic diseases. It is characterized by jaundice, giant cell hepatitis and rare liver failure necessitating liver transplantation. In the present investigation, the outcome of liver transplantation performed in 16 children with neonatal hepatitis at the investigators' institution was determined from 1 January 1989 to 31 December 1991. The results were compared to those obtained in 288 children transplanted for biliary atresia and 66 children transplanted for recognized metabolic liver disease. The children transplanted for neonatal hepatitis (4.1 +/- 1.3 years) and metabolic liver disease (5.8 +/- 0.6 years) were older than those transplanted for biliary atresia (3.3 +/- 0.2 years) (p < 0.01), but did not differ in terms of sex, ABO type, UNOS status or year in which the transplant procedure was performed. Interestingly, first allograft survival was equal in the children with neonatal hepatitis (74%) and those with metabolic liver disease (74%), but was greater than that for children transplanted for biliary atresia (68%) (p < 0.01). Despite this significant difference in first graft survival, no differences in 5-year survival were seen for the three groups (81% for neonatal hepatitis, 68% for biliary atresia and 79% for metabolic liver disease).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Biliary Atresia / surgery
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Graft Survival
  • Hepatitis / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Newborn, Diseases / surgery*
  • Liver Diseases / surgery
  • Liver Transplantation* / mortality
  • Male
  • Metabolic Diseases / surgery
  • Recurrence
  • Reoperation
  • Survival Analysis