Cellular and ultrastructural location of angiotensinogen in rat and sheep kidney

Kidney Int. 1994 Dec;46(6):1557-60. doi: 10.1038/ki.1994.445.


Recent evidence suggests the involvement of a local renin-angiotensin system in some renal actions of angiotensin II (Ang II). In this study the renal distribution of the precursor to angiotensin formation, angiotensinogen, was investigated in rats and sheep using immunohistochemistry, immunoelectron microscopy and non-isotopic hybridization histochemistry. Immunostaining for angiotensinogen was seen in proximal tubules (PCT) of both rat and sheep kidneys. In the rat the strongest immunostaining was found in the kidneys of neonatal (1 day old) rats. Staining declined after birth. Non-isotopic hybridization histochemistry using oligodeoxynucleotide probes labeled with biotin confirmed the presence of angiotensinogen mRNA expression in PCT of the rat renal cortex. Electron microscopic immunohistochemistry using antibodies raised against rat angiotensinogen showed weak staining in the adult of granule-like structures close to the apical membrane of PCT cells. In the neonatal rat kidney, angiotensinogen immunostaining was found throughout the PCT cells and was markedly stronger than that seen in adult rat kidney. In sheep, angiotensinogen immunostaining with an antibody raised against purified ovine angiotensinogen showed staining of PCT in fetal, newborn and adult sheep kidney. The strongest immunostaining seen was in fetal sheep kidney with a decline seen after birth. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed that angiotensinogen mRNA was expressed in the sheep kidney at all ages studied. Angiotensinogen expression was higher in fetal sheep kidneys (77 day and 141 day gestation) than in adult sheep kidney. In conclusion, angiotensinogen mRNA expression was detected in both rat and sheep kidneys.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensinogen / genetics
  • Angiotensinogen / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Fetus / metabolism
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Kidney / growth & development
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Kidney / ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Immunoelectron
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Renin-Angiotensin System / genetics
  • Renin-Angiotensin System / physiology
  • Sheep


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Angiotensinogen