Identification of GTP-binding proteins in turtle urinary bladder epithelial cells

Miner Electrolyte Metab. 1994;20(5):302-8.


Water and electrolyte transport in turtle urinary bladder closely resembles that present in the mammalian collecting tubule. Although cAMP is known to participate in the control of mucosal transport processes, the GTP-binding inhibitory Gi and stimulatory Gs proteins which link receptors on the cell surface to the adenylate cyclase system remain to be identified in this urinary epithelium. To this end, individual cells harvested from the mucosal surface of the turtle bladder were isolated using a discontinuous density Ficoll gradient. Examination by electron microscopy of the material from the different layers of the Ficoll gradient confirmed that bands II and III contained carbonic anhydrase-rich cells and granular cells, respectively. Identification of Gi and Gs in carbonic anhydrase-rich and granular cells was accomplished using pertussis (PT) and cholera toxins to promote [32P] ADP ribosylation of the proteins. Separation of Gi and Gs from other cell proteins was accomplished using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and autoradiography. Pretreatment of cells with 0.2% triton X-100 substantially magnified the ADP-ribosylation of Gi by PT. A doublet form of Gi was present in the 40-kD region and indicated heterogeneity of the PT substrate in granular and carbonic anhydrase-rich cells. Gs was observed as a single polypeptide at the 42-kD region in both cell types. A distinct 45-kD peptide not present in mammalian collecting tubule was identified by both toxins in granular cells and by cholera toxin in carbonic anhydrase-rich cells. In summary, this investigation identified and characterized Gi and Gs proteins in carbonic anhydrase-rich and granular cells from the mucosa of turtle urinary bladder.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenylate Cyclase Toxin
  • Animals
  • Autoradiography
  • Carbonic Anhydrases / analysis
  • Centrifugation, Density Gradient
  • Cholera Toxin / metabolism
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Epithelium / chemistry
  • Epithelium / ultrastructure
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / analysis*
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Molecular Weight
  • Mucous Membrane / chemistry
  • Mucous Membrane / ultrastructure
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases / metabolism
  • Turtles / metabolism*
  • Urinary Bladder / chemistry*
  • Urinary Bladder / enzymology
  • Urinary Bladder / ultrastructure
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella / metabolism


  • Adenylate Cyclase Toxin
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella
  • Cholera Toxin
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Carbonic Anhydrases