Defective platelet aggregation in uremia is transiently worsened by hemodialysis

Am J Kidney Dis. 1995 Apr;25(4):555-63. doi: 10.1016/0272-6386(95)90123-x.

Abstract

Bleeding is a prominent feature of uremia and remains a significant cause of morbidity in hemodialysis (HD)-dependent patients. To measure the impact of the HD procedure, we performed a prospective cross-over study in eight patients placed consecutively for 2-week periods each on low-flux biocompatible polymethylmethacrylate, low-flux complement-activating cuprophane, and high-flux biocompatible polysulfone membranes. The primary measure of platelet function studied was shear-induced platelet aggregation (SIPA), which has been shown to be a physiologically relevant marker of platelet function and involves the interaction of von Willebrand factor (vWf) with platelet membrane glycoproteins (GP) Ib and IIb-IIIa. Flow-cytometric analysis of the surface expression of platelet membrane GP Ib and GP IIb-IIIa was performed using fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-conjugated monoclonal antibodies CD42b and CD41a, respectively. Multivariate analysis did not demonstrate a statistically significant effect of the type of dialysis membrane on platelet aggregation, calcium flux, or thromboxane B2 production. There was a marked decrease of SIPA in HD patients (pre-HD, mean +/- SEM, 19% +/- 3%) compared with normal controls (43% +/- 3%, P < 0.001), with a further decrease after the HD procedure (post-HD, 12% +/- 2%, P = 0.015 compared with pre-HD). This intradialytic decrease in SIPA correlated with a decrease in GP Ib (pre-HD, 385 +/- 21 mean fluorescence intensity [MFI]; post-HD, 285 +/- 21 MFI, P = 0.0001). GP IIb-IIIa was also significantly decreased post-HD (pre-HD, 1,022 +/- 70 MFI; post-HD, 881 +/- 64 MFI, P = 0.03).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Platelets / chemistry
  • Calcium / analysis
  • Complement Activation
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Platelet Aggregation*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects*
  • Uremia / blood*

Substances

  • Calcium