The syndrome of benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC) is a rare, autosomal dominant form of epilepsy. It is characterized by spontaneous seizures beginning within the first 6 months of life. In the majority of families linkage is to chromosome 20q markers. Based on the linkage results in one large BFNC kindred, genetic heterogeneity and existence of a second locus on chromosome 8 have been suggested. Here we report on a second BFNC family in which linkage to the EBN1 locus on chromosome 20q was excluded, confirming the genetic heterogeneity of this disorder. All affected family members experienced onset of seizures before the age of 2 months. Three BFNC subjects showed subsequent epileptic seizures after 12 months of age, showing that the risk of subsequent epilepsy is not restricted to the chromosome 20q linked BFNC families. A lod score of 0.99 was obtained with the marker D8S274, suggesting linkage to chromosome 8.