Brugia beaveri: microscopic morphology in host tissues and observations on its life history

J Parasitol. 1995 Apr;81(2):239-43.


The filaria Brugia beaveri is a parasite of raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Louisiana. Its microfilariae, which circulate in the peripheral blood without any periodicity, develop to the infective stage in mosquitoes. The filaria can be transmitted in the laboratory to other raccoons, the domestic cat, and jirds (Meriones unguiculatus). The prepatent period is 70-107 days depending on the definitive host. Adult worms are found in lymphatics and associated subcutaneous tissues of raccoons and in the heart, lungs, and testes of jirds. In host tissues, the parasite is recognized by its small diameter and the morphology of the body wall. There is a thin cuticle, which is characteristically thickened in the lateral fields; in males, a lateral, internal cuticular ridge is sometimes present. The hypodermis forms large lateral chords and less conspicuous dorsal and ventral chords. Muscle cells are coelomyarian; in females there is an average of 4 cells per body quadrant and in males about 4-6. Internal organs are easily identified as to type, but do not provide any clues to species identification.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brugia / anatomy & histology*
  • Brugia / growth & development
  • Cats
  • Female
  • Filariasis / parasitology
  • Filariasis / veterinary*
  • Gerbillinae
  • Heart / parasitology
  • Larva / growth & development
  • Lung / parasitology
  • Lymphatic System / parasitology
  • Male
  • Microfilariae / growth & development
  • Raccoons / parasitology*
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Testis / parasitology