Purpose: This report describes our experience with endovascular stented graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms and other arterial lesions.
Methods: Between September 1990 and April 1994, 57 patients were treated with endovascular stented grafts (50 with abdominal aortic aneurysms or iliac aneurysms; five with traumatic arteriovenous fistulas; one with an infected femoral false aneurysm; and one with a false aneurysm of the proximal right common carotid artery). The devices consist of either a Dacron or an autogenous vein graft sutured to a balloon-expandable stent. The stented grafts are placed through remote arteriotomies, advanced under fluoroscopic guidance to their predetermined sites, and secured into position.
Results: Forty of the 50 endovascular stented graft procedures used to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms or iliac aneurysms were considered successful, even though some secondary treatment was required in six patients (two open operations; four secondary endovascular procedures). The 10 failures include four early procedural deaths, one late procedural death, and five leaks. All five arteriovenous fistulas and the two false aneurysms were successfully treated with endovascular stented grafts.
Conclusions: Although our experience with endovascular stented grafts has been promising, remaining problems require resolution, and further follow-up is needed. However, the potential advantages of these endovascular grafts warrant their continued evaluation.