Mitochondrial DNA sequences from Switzerland reveal striking homogeneity of European populations

Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1994 Dec;375(12):837-40.

Abstract

Mitochondrial DNA sequences from 74 Swiss individuals were compared to sequences from British and Finish populations. We found that the nucleotide sequence differences between these populations are almost as low as those within the populations. This is in contrast to three African populations, which display substantial differences between each other. The homogeneity of the mitochondrial gene pool in Europe suggests a recent common ancestry for European populations. This may reflect the arrival of anatomically modern humans about 40,000-30,000 years ago or, alternatively, the spread of agriculturalists about 10,000-6,000 years ago. Taking into account the estimated rate of evolution of the mitochondrial control region, the data favor the former explanation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • African Continental Ancestry Group / genetics*
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / chemistry
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / genetics*
  • Finland
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Humans
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom

Substances

  • DNA, Mitochondrial

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X83128
  • GENBANK/X83129
  • GENBANK/X83130
  • GENBANK/X83131
  • GENBANK/X83132
  • GENBANK/X83133
  • GENBANK/X83134
  • GENBANK/X83135
  • GENBANK/X83136
  • GENBANK/X83137
  • GENBANK/X83138
  • GENBANK/X83139
  • GENBANK/X83140
  • GENBANK/X83141
  • GENBANK/X83142
  • GENBANK/X83143
  • GENBANK/X83144
  • GENBANK/X83145
  • GENBANK/X83146
  • GENBANK/X83147
  • GENBANK/X83148
  • GENBANK/X83149
  • GENBANK/X83150
  • GENBANK/X83151
  • GENBANK/X83152
  • GENBANK/X83153
  • GENBANK/X83154
  • GENBANK/X83155
  • GENBANK/X83156
  • GENBANK/X83157