Does multiplane transesophageal echocardiography improve the assessment of prosthetic valve regurgitation?

J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1995 Jan-Feb;8(1):70-8. doi: 10.1016/s0894-7317(05)80360-8.


Assessment of prosthetic valve regurgitation by echocardiography remains difficult. To study the value of the newly introduced multiplane transesophageal technology for this purpose, prosthetic valve regurgitation was examined in 63 consecutive patients with 35 mitral and 33 aortic prostheses (23 bioprostheses and 45 mechanical prostheses). Transvalvular, paravalvular and, in mechanical valves, normal or pathologic transvalvular regurgitation were identified first with 0 degrees (transverse) and 90 degrees (longitudinal) planes combined with flexion of the echoscope tip and then additionally with multiple intermediary planes by transducer rotation. In a subgroup of 20 patients interobserver variability was evaluated. Both methods showed regurgitation in 56 of 68 valves; one additional case of regurgitation was seen by multiplane imaging only. However, 19 cases of regurgitation were not clearly classifiable by biplane transesophageal echocardiography compared with only three with multiplane transesophageal echocardiography. Grading of severity was concordant by both modalities in 66 and discordant in only two cases. Observers disagreed on severity in two of 20 cases based on biplane imaging but in none based on multiplane imaging; classification of regurgitation differed in six of 20 (biplane) and one of 20 (multiplane), respectively. Multiplane transesophageal imaging improves classification of prosthetic regurgitation but has little effect on severity grading.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aortic Valve / surgery
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / etiology
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal* / methods
  • Female
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitral Valve / surgery
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging*
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / etiology
  • Observer Variation
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prosthesis Failure