Location and architectural structure of IICU

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 1994 Dec;49(6):496-8.


When an Intermediate Intensive Care Unit (IICU) is planned, three groups of professionals are usually involved: the managers of the hospital, the architects and the staff. Although several aspects and problems related with the building of IICUs are considered in the specialized literature, lack of communication and discussion of the appropriate issues at the appropriate time is the origin of several errors during the planning and building of IICUs. Standards of IICU for respiratory departments have been proposed by the Working Group "Rehabilitation and Intensive Care" of the Italian Hospital Pneumologist Society. An ideal IICU should include 4-6 beds for a hospital with more than 500 patients. Alternatively, an IICU should have 1-2 beds per 100,000 inhabitants. IICU should be located in the hospital, integrated with, but well distinguished from, the respiratory department, and with easy accessibility to surgery, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), laboratory, radiodiagnostics, cardiology, etc. No more than two beds should be included per room, and isolation should be necessary only for those patients suffering from communicable or infectious diseases, and also for those patients requiring protective isolation or suffering from disorientation or severe emotional disturbance. Limitation of single room usage is due also to economic considerations; isolation requiring 50-100% more personnel per bed than an open ward. Individual continuous monitoring should be allowed. Visits and nursing by relatives and/or care-givers should be encouraged, with appropriate space and facilities.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Centralized Hospital Services
  • Hospital Design and Construction*
  • Humans
  • Respiratory Care Units* / organization & administration