Rat mesangial cells have a selective role in macrophage recruitment and activation

Exp Nephrol. Jan-Feb 1995;3(1):34-9.

Abstract

In proliferative glomerulonephritis glomeruli are the target of an inflammatory reaction involving macrophage recruitment and activation. We examined the role of mesangial cells in this process. Supernatants from basal, IL-1, IFN-tau or LPS-stimulated rat mesangial cells (MCS) were tested for chemotactic, colony-stimulating and activation effects on macrophages in vitro. IL-1-stimulated MCS produced a macrophage chemoattractant (p = 0.007 compared with basal MCS) and MCP-1 mRNA was detected in IL-1-stimulated mesangial cells. LPS or IL-1-stimulated MCS produced colony-stimulating activity (LPS p < 0.05, IL-1 p < 0.01, compared with basal MCS or control supernatant, CS). Macrophage activation, assessed by nitric oxide generation, was suppressed. This evidence from functional bioassays supports a selective role for mesangial cells in the control of macrophage-induced glomerular injury, whereby activated mesangial cells participate in the recruitment and proliferation of infiltrating macrophages, and suppresses at least one field of macrophage activation, namely nitric oxide generation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Chemotactic Factors / genetics
  • Chemotaxis / drug effects
  • Chemotaxis / physiology*
  • Gene Expression
  • Glomerular Mesangium / cytology
  • Glomerular Mesangium / drug effects
  • Glomerular Mesangium / pathology*
  • Glomerulonephritis, Membranoproliferative / pathology*
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class II / metabolism
  • Interferon-gamma / pharmacology
  • Interleukin-1 / pharmacology
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Macrophage Activation / physiology*
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism
  • Macrophages / drug effects
  • Macrophages / physiology*
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Lew

Substances

  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Chemotactic Factors
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class II
  • Interleukin-1
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Interferon-gamma