The purpose of this study was to compare the velocity of blood flow and vascular resistance measured by colour Doppler imaging in the ophthalmic and central retinal arteries in 34 eyes of 34 patients (mean age 68.1 years) with low tension glaucoma (LTG) and 17 eyes of 17 age-matched normal controls (mean age 65.2 years). The Acuson 128 machine (using a 7.5 MHz probe) was used to measure peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV) and resistive index (RI). The EDV of the ophthalmic artery (OA) in the LTG was significantly (p = 0.04) less than in the normal control group. There was a significant (p = 0.02) increase in the vascular RI of both the OA and central retinal artery in the LTG group compared with the normal controls. The OA RI increased with age (r = 0.61, p = 0.0001), and the OA EDV decreased with age (r = -0.50, p = 0.003), in the LTG group but not in the normal control group. The results suggest an increased resistance to blood flow in the ophthalmic and central retinal arteries of LTG patients.