Late effects of radiation on the eye and ocular adnexa

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1995 Mar 30;31(5):1123-39. doi: 10.1016/0360-3016(95)00062-4.


A clinically useful classification system is suggested that can be used in prospective trials to evaluate the effects of radiation on the visual system. We review radiation-induced pathophysiological and clinical changes of the various ocular structures as well as dose-response data and management of ocular complications. The rationale for the classification scheme chosen is also discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cataract / etiology
  • Cataract / therapy
  • Eye / radiation effects*
  • Humans
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Optic Nerve / radiation effects
  • Orbit / radiation effects
  • Radiation Injuries / classification*
  • Radiation Injuries / physiopathology
  • Radiation Injuries / therapy
  • Radiation Tolerance
  • Radiotherapy / adverse effects*
  • Radiotherapy Dosage
  • Retina / radiation effects
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Visual Acuity