Interferon gamma modulates the expression of neutrophil-derived chemokines

J Investig Med. 1995 Feb;43(1):58-67.


Specific cell recruitment to a site of acute inflammation is a crucial event characterized by the elicitation of mainly polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). Recently, it has been reported that PMNs can express and secrete chemotactic cytokines or chemokines, including IL-8, MIP-1 alpha, and MIP-1 beta. Moreover, PMN-derived chemokines are regulated by various soluble mediators, such as dexamethasone, prostaglandin E, classic chemoattractant factors (e.g., fMLP, C5a, leukotriene B4), IL-4, and IL-10. In this article we demonstrate that PMNs treated with IFN-gamma, a Th1-derived cytokine, can inhibit early mRNA expression for MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, and IL-8 (up to 8 hours post IFN-gamma addition), while augmenting their production at 24 hours post IFN-gamma addition. Furthermore, our studies demonstrate that one of the mechanisms for the activity of IFN-gamma in this system is via the autocrine activity of TNF-alpha. These data imply that PMN-derived chemokines are regulated by not only proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha, but also Th1- and Th2-derived cytokines, including IL-4, IL-10, and IFN-gamma. The role of these cytokine networks in regulating PMN-derived chemokines may play an important role in leukocyte elicitation during the initiation and maintenance of an inflammatory response.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytokines / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma / pharmacology*
  • Neutrophils / metabolism*


  • Cytokines
  • Interferon-gamma