Balneotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis at the Dead Sea

Isr J Med Sci. 1995 Apr;31(4):210-4.


Thirty-six patients with active rheumatoid arthritis were treated for 12 days at the Ein Gedi Spa. The patients were allocated randomly to four study groups. Group 1 (n = 9) was treated with daily baths in the Dead Sea, group 2 (n = 9) was treated with daily sulphur baths, group 3 (n = 10) was treated with a combination of daily Dead Sea bathing and sulphur baths, and group 4 (n = 8) served as a control group. All patients were assessed by a rheumatologist who was blinded to the treatment modalities and group allocation. Clinical parameters assessed included: duration of morning stiffness, 15 m walk time, grip strength, activities of daily living, patient's assessment of disease severity, number of active joints, and the Ritchie articular index. Statistically significant improvement lasting up to 3 months was observed only in the three treatment groups.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / physiopathology
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / rehabilitation*
  • Balneology*
  • Female
  • Hand Strength
  • Humans
  • Israel
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oceans and Seas
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Walking