Contractile effects of prostanoids on fetal rabbit ductus arteriosus

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1995 Jan;25(1):113-8. doi: 10.1097/00005344-199501000-00018.


We wished to determine whether any evidence indicates that the ductus arteriosus has prostanoid receptors coupled to contractile pathways and whether the sensitivity of the ductus to the dilator effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was inhibited by other prostanoids. Rings of ductus arteriosus were isolated from fetal New Zealand White rabbits (28 days of gestation) and mounted in vitro. In the presence of 1 microM indomethacin, the vessel was relaxed with either 300 nM forskolin or 10 nM PGE2, and cumulative concentration-contraction response curves to several synthetic prostanoids were obtained with or without a receptor antagonist when available. The vessel was also precontracted with 1 microM indomethacin and 25 mM K+ in 13-14.5 kPa O2, and cumulative concentration-relaxation response curves to PGE2 were obtained with and without addition of prostanoids. In 300 nM forskolin, both U46619 and sulprostone caused concentration-dependent contractions of the ductus in the nanomolar range (EC50 values, i.e., the interpolated molar concentration of the drug causing 50% of its own eventual maximum response of 33 and 42 nM, respectively). Responses to GR63799X and PGF2 alpha were complicated by the fact that these agonists caused relaxation at high concentrations (> or = 30 nM). The response to U46619 was shifted to the right by the thromboxane receptor antagonist EP 092. In 10 nM PGE2, U46619, sulprostone, and GR63799X elicited similar contractile responses, whereas PGF2 alpha had no effect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Colforsin / pharmacology
  • Dinoprost / pharmacology
  • Dinoprostone / analogs & derivatives
  • Dinoprostone / pharmacology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Ductus Arteriosus / drug effects*
  • Female
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Indomethacin / pharmacology
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects
  • Muscle Relaxation / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects*
  • Pregnancy
  • Prostaglandin Endoperoxides, Synthetic / pharmacology
  • Prostaglandins E, Synthetic / pharmacology
  • Rabbits
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin / agonists
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin / drug effects*
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin / physiology
  • Thromboxane A2 / analogs & derivatives
  • Thromboxane A2 / pharmacology
  • Thromboxanes / pharmacology
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents / pharmacology*


  • Prostaglandin Endoperoxides, Synthetic
  • Prostaglandins E, Synthetic
  • Receptors, Prostaglandin
  • Thromboxanes
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents
  • GR 63799X
  • Colforsin
  • sulprostone
  • Thromboxane A2
  • 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid
  • Dinoprost
  • Dinoprostone
  • Indomethacin