The idiotype of myeloma immunoglobulin can be used as a unique tumour-specific antigen. We tested the hypothesis that tumour antigen-specific immunity can be transferred from bone-marrow-transplant donor to recipient. We immunised a healthy sibling donor with myeloma immunoglobulin from the plasma of the recipient, conjugated to an immunogenic carrier protein and emulsified in an adjuvant, before marrow transplantation. Detection of a lymphoproliferative response, a parallel response in the carrier protein, recovery of a recipient CD4+ T-cell line with unique specificity for myeloma idiotype, and demonstration by in-situ hybridisation that the cell line was of donor origin, proved that a myeloma idiotype-specific T-cell response was successfully transferred to the recipient. Donor immunisation with myeloma idiotype may represent a new strategy for enhancing the specific anti-tumour effect of allogeneic marrow grafts.