Pancreatic development and anatomical variation

Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 1995 Jan;5(1):1-30.


The pancreas is formed by the fusion of the ventral and dorsal anlage, and a wide spectrum of anomalies or anatomical variations may appear related to this complicated process of fusion: e.g., agenesis, aplasia of a pancreatic anlage, hypoplasia, annular pancreas, pancreas divisum or nonfusion of the ventral and dorsal duct system, pancreaticobiliary maljunction, etc. Every endoscopist who engages in pancreatography or related diagnostic and therapeutic procedures should always be aware of all sorts of anatomical variations he or she might encounter.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Ampulla of Vater / anatomy & histology
  • Ampulla of Vater / diagnostic imaging
  • Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreas / abnormalities
  • Pancreas / anatomy & histology*
  • Pancreas / diagnostic imaging
  • Pancreas / physiology*
  • Pancreatic Diseases / congenital
  • Pancreatic Diseases / pathology*
  • Pancreatic Ducts / anatomy & histology
  • Pancreatic Ducts / diagnostic imaging
  • Pancreatic Ducts / physiology