Direct effect of endotoxin on the gastric mucosal microcirculation and electrical gradient

Surgery. 1976 May;79(5):564-8.


The effects of intra-arterial infusion of E. coli endotoxin at 1.0 mg. per minute on the gastric total and mucosal blood flows, electrical potential difference, and ionic fluxes across the gastric mucosa were studied in an exteriorized, chambered preparation of canine fundic stomach. Gamma-labelled microsphere technique was used in addition to venous drainage and plasma aminopyrine clearance for the measurement of total and mucosal blood flow, respectively. In spite of normal systemic blood pressure throughout the experiment, E. coli endotoxin infusion caused a significant decrease in total gastric blood flow and in the fractional distribution of flow to the mucosae. There was no significant arteriovenous shunting of microspheres. Significant reduction in potential difference and hydrogen-ion back diffusion also was noted after endotoxin infusion, possibly as a consequence of reduced mucosal blood flow. The results indicate that significant gastric mucosal ischemia can occur and may represent a mechanism in the development of gastric erosions in endotoxemia, even in the absence of systemic hypotension.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure
  • Depression, Chemical
  • Dogs
  • Endotoxins / administration & dosage
  • Endotoxins / metabolism
  • Endotoxins / pharmacology*
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism
  • Gastric Mucosa / blood supply*
  • Methods
  • Microcirculation / drug effects*
  • Stomach / blood supply


  • Endotoxins