Importance of physician's role highlighted in survey of women's breast screening practices

Can J Public Health. Jan-Feb 1995;86(1):42-5.


Objective: To describe women's breast screening knowledge, attitudes, intentions and practices.

Design: Telephone survey.

Participants: Random population-based sample of 383 women aged 50 to 69, living in Ottawa-Carleton, and having no history of breast cancer. Participation rates were 81%.

Results: Only 47% reported having had a mammogram within the two years before the survey, and 57% had received a physical breast exam within the previous year. Intentions to arrange screening were positively correlated to income, previous mammography, encouragement to have a mammogram, knowledge, knowing a person with breast cancer, an absence of negative attitudes (i.e., mammograms unnecessary), and low decisional conflict.

Conclusions: Improvements in participation rates will be achieved only if women are convinced of the need for screening, and physicians encourage them to be screened.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Mammography / psychology*
  • Mass Screening / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Physician's Role*
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Women / education
  • Women / psychology*