Wrist postures while keyboarding: effects of a negative slope keyboard system and full motion forearm supports

Ergonomics. 1995 Mar;38(3):508-17. doi: 10.1080/00140139508925122.


Video-motion analysis was used to analyse hand/wrist posture for subjects typing at a 101-key QWERTY keyboard on a 68 cm high worksurface. Three conditions were tested: subjects typed at the keyboard without arm support, subjects typed with adjustable full motion forearm supports, and subjects typed with an adjustable negative slope keyboard support system. The average declination of the negative slope keyboard support chosen by subjects was 12 degrees below horizontal, which flattened the angle of the key tops. Ulnar deviation was comparable in all conditions and averaged 13 degrees for the right hand and 15 degrees for the left hand. Full motion forearm supports did not significantly affect any postural measures. Dorsal wrist extension averaged 13 degrees when typing with or without the full motion forearm supports, but this was reduced to an average -1 degree with the use of the negative slope keyboard support system. Subjects chose to sit at a distance of 79 cm from the computer screen when using the negative slope keyboard system compared with 69 cm without this.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome / prevention & control
  • Computer Terminals*
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Microcomputers*
  • Occupational Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control
  • Posture / physiology
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Wrist Joint / physiopathology*