The influence of VDT work on musculoskeletal disorders

Ergonomics. 1995 Apr;38(4):754-62. doi: 10.1080/00140139508925147.


Relationships between visual display terminal (VDT) use and musculoskeletal problems were examined in a group of 353 office workers, using data from medical and workplace investigations as well as questionnaires. There were no general differences between VDT and non-VDT users as to the occurrence of muscle problems. Combinations of specific VDT work situations such as data entry work or work with a VDT for more than 20 h/week and the presence of some other factors were, however, associated with excess risks of certain muscle problems. The extraneous factors involved in the definitions of such risk groups were: use of bifocal or progressive glasses at a VDT; stomach-related stress reactions; limited rest break opportunity; repetitive movements; non-use of lower arm support; and possibly the vertical position of the keyboard; and presence of specular glare.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cohort Studies
  • Computer Terminals*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Ergonomics
  • Healthy Worker Effect
  • Humans
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / etiology*
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology*
  • Pain Measurement
  • Risk Factors