Genetics of high level penicillin resistance in clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae

FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1995 Mar 1;126(3):299-303. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.1995.tb07433.x.


Mosaic penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) 1A, 2X and 2B genes were cloned from four clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae with levels of susceptibility to penicillin ranging from 1.5 to 16 micrograms benzylpenicillin ml-1. In each instance it was possible to transform either the penicillin-sensitive laboratory strain R6 or a sensitive clinical isolate 110K/70 to the full level of penicillin resistance with these three penicillin-binding proteins alone. Until now it has not been possible to clearly determine whether alterations to PBP1A, 2X and 2B alone were sufficient to attain high level penicillin resistance.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins*
  • Base Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Hexosyltransferases / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multienzyme Complexes / genetics*
  • Muramoylpentapeptide Carboxypeptidase / genetics*
  • Penicillin Resistance / genetics*
  • Penicillin-Binding Proteins
  • Peptidyl Transferases / genetics*
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / drug effects
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / genetics*
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / isolation & purification


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Penicillin-Binding Proteins
  • PBP 2x protein, Streptococcus
  • Peptidyl Transferases
  • Hexosyltransferases
  • Muramoylpentapeptide Carboxypeptidase