Excess PTH in CRF induces pulmonary calcification, pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy

Kidney Int. 1995 Jan;47(1):158-63. doi: 10.1038/ki.1995.18.


Calcification of the lungs occurs in chronic renal failure (CRF) and may adversely affect both pulmonary and right ventricular function. The present study examined the role of excess parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the genesis of pulmonary calcifications in dogs with experimental CRF and evaluated calcium content of lungs, diffusing lung capacity (DCO), mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP), right ventricular pressure (RVP), and right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) in six normal, six with CRF, and six thyroparathyroidectomized (CRF-PTX) dogs. CRF-PTX animals were maintained normocalcemic and euthyroid. The degree and duration of CRF were not different between the two groups with CRF. The mean value of the serum PTH in CRF dogs was 166 +/- 42 microliters Eq/ml, but was undetectable in CRF-PTX animals. Thallium scan provided evidence consistent with RVH in CRF dogs but not in CRF-PTX animals. Calcium content of lungs was markedly elevated in CRF dogs (7656 +/- 1657 mg/kg dry wt) but modestly increased in CRF-PTX (1057 +/- 117 mg/kg dry wt) as compared to normal (673 +/- 34 mg/kg dry wt). RVP and MPAP were significantly (P < 0.01) higher and DCO significantly lower in CRF dogs than in normal or CRF-PTX animals. These parameters were not different in the latter two group of dogs. In three additional dogs with CRF of one year duration which were followed for an additional year after parathyroidectomy, these abnormalities were corrected.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcinosis / etiology*
  • Calcinosis / metabolism
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Hyperparathyroidism / complications
  • Hyperparathyroidism / metabolism
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / etiology*
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / metabolism
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / physiopathology
  • Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular / etiology*
  • Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular / metabolism
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / metabolism
  • Lung Diseases / etiology*
  • Lung Diseases / metabolism
  • Lung Diseases / physiopathology
  • Parathyroid Hormone / metabolism*
  • Respiratory Function Tests


  • Parathyroid Hormone