Two groups of mothers and their children were followed up in order to assess the influence of early mother-child contact on breast-feeding; a first control was carried out at discharge from the nursery and a follow-up 6 months later. All the mothers were in good health and pregnancy was physiological with uncomplicated eutocic delivery; none of the babies presented pathologies during the period of their stay in the nursery and in the subsequent 6 months. Group A comprised 126 mothers who had had contact with their babies in the delivery room for at least one hour; group B comprised 109 mothers whose first contact with their baby was only 3-6 hours after birth. Significant differences between the 2 groups were observed as early as the first control which took place at discharge from the nursery: 69.1% of the babies in group A against 51.3% in group B had taken mother's milk exclusively (p < 0.01). Equally significant differences emerged from the subsequent control at 6 months: 70 babies out of 116 (60.4%) were breast fed exclusively or partially, against 42 out of 101 (42.4%) in group B (p < 0.01). Furthermore, important data emerged from the duration of breast-feeding, whether this was exclusive or otherwise, in the first 6 months of life: group A differed significantly from group B (p < 0.002). Our figures suggest a positive influence of early mother-child contact on breast-feeding and on its duration. Notwithstanding the fact that there is no unanimous confirmation in the literature, it is considered that such behaviour will bring benefits to both mother and child.