Nutrition support in pancreatitis

Nutr Clin Pract. 1995 Apr;10(2):45-53. doi: 10.1177/011542659501000245.


Nutrition support in patients with pancreatitis has created a challenge for clinicians. Because the pancreas is normally stimulated by the ingestion of food, particularly fat, patients are often denied oral nutrition. This reduction in the ingestion of food, together with the increased metabolic demands of this disease, often results in a negative energy balance and occasionally undernutrition or malnutrition. This review summarizes the etiologies and methods for staging pancreatitis, the physiology of pancreatic exocrine secretion and the response of the pancreas to different methods of nutrition support. The results of clinical trials, which examine both parenteral and enteral nutrition in animals and humans with this disease, are reviewed. Recommendations for nutrition management of patients with acute and chronic pancreatitis and areas for future research are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Humans
  • Nutritional Support / methods*
  • Pancreatitis / physiopathology
  • Pancreatitis / therapy*