The widely expressed c-Crk protein, composed of one SH2 and two SH3 domains, lacks an apparent catalytic domain, suggesting that it functions through the formation of specific complexes with other proteins. Bacterially expressed c-Crk formed in vitro highly stable complexes via the first SH3 domain [SH3(N)]. Most prominent were a 185 kDa protein of unknown identity (p185), Sos- immunoreactive bands of 170 kDa (p170) and 145 to 155 kDa bands, corresponding to the recently cloned C3G protein. p170 also bound to Ash/Grb2 and Nck while p185 and C3G bound only to Crk. Additional Crk binding proteins were found in hematopoietic cells, particularly the myeloid-monocytic lineage. The protein binding properties of Crk were subsequently compared to CRKL, the product of a homologous but distinct gene, and found to be very similar. The binding of two guanine nucleotide exchange factors, Sos and C3G, to Crk and CRKL indicates that Ras or related proteins likely play a role in signaling through Crk family proteins.