Mechanical ventilation-induced pulmonary edema. Interaction with previous lung alterations

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 May;151(5):1568-75. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.151.5.7735616.


The risk of lung injury due to alveolar overdistension during mechanical ventilation has been clearly delineated in healthy animals with intact lungs. In contrast, the effect of high-volume ventilation (HV) on previously injured lungs is less well documented: whether HV would simply add its own deleterious effects or act synergistically with previous injury has not been addressed. We compared the effect of 7 ml/kg body weight tidal volume mechanical ventilation for 2 min with that of 25 (HV25), 33(HV33), and 45(HV45) ml/kg body weight HV in anesthetized rats previously exposed or not exposed to alpha-naphthylthiourea (ANTU). ANTU alone produced moderate permeability edema with significant increases in extravascular lung water (Qwl), dry lung weight (DLW), and albumin distribution space in lungs (ASp). HV alone resulted in a permeability edema in which severity was dependent on the magnitude of the tidal volume. The effects of HV25 and HV33 and those of ANTU were only additive, as indicated by the absence of any significant two-factor (ANTU-HV) interaction by analysis of variance (ANOVA). In contrast, HV45 after ANTU produced significantly greater increases in Qwl, DLW, and ASp than expected from the sum of the effects of either insult alone. Two-way ANOVA disclosed two-factor interactions with p values < 0.001, < 0.02, and < 0.01 for Qwl, DLW, and ASp, respectively, indicating synergistic adverse effects on pulmonary edema.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia
  • Animals
  • Male
  • Pulmonary Edema / etiology*
  • Pulmonary Edema / pathology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Respiration, Artificial / adverse effects*