Reciprocal changes in left ventricular collagen alpha 1 chain gene expression between types I and IV in spontaneously diabetic rats

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1994 Dec 31;26(3):163-9. doi: 10.1016/0168-8227(94)90057-4.

Abstract

The characteristic features of diabetic cardiomyopathy have been reported to be increased collagen formation associated with impairment of ventricular performance, based on experimental models of diabetes. The present study was therefore designed to clarify collagen gene expression in hearts obtained from female spontaneously diabetic BioBreeding Worcester Tokyo (BB/W@Tky) rats. Cardiac hypertrophy was observed as early as 14 weeks in diabetic BB/W@Tky rats, i.e. 4 weeks after the onset of diabetes. Left ventricular gene expression of collagen alpha 1 (I) was decreased to 10.6% of the control level. In 24-week-old diabetic rats, which had more marked cardiac hypertrophy, the level of alpha 1 Type I collagen mRNA was further decreased to 5.7% of the control level, whereas collagen alpha 1 (IV) mRNA demonstrated a 3-fold increase. As a result, a ratio of collagen alpha 1 (IV) to actin mRNA was positively correlated with plasma glucose concentration. These results suggest that hyperglycemia may alter the gene expression of extracellular matrix proteins, resulting in the morphological and functional changes seen in diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Actins / biosynthesis
  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Weight
  • Cardiomegaly / physiopathology
  • Collagen / biosynthesis*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / genetics
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / metabolism*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Gene Expression*
  • Heart Rate
  • Heart Ventricles
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Organ Size
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred BB
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Reference Values
  • Regression Analysis

Substances

  • Actins
  • Blood Glucose
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Collagen