HPV DNA positivity and natural killer cell activity in the clinical outcome of mild cervical dysplasia: integration between virus and immune system

Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1995;39(2):130-5. doi: 10.1159/000292394.


The objective was to examine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA infection in mild cervical dysplasia and to evaluate longitudinally the persistence of HPV DNA positivity in an observational study, aiming at identifying the role of peripheral blood lymphocyte natural killer activity in the natural history of dysplastic disease. Twenty-three patients with histologically proven mild cervical dysplasia were selected. The HPV DNA positivity, determined by polymerase chain reaction, and cervical dysplasia were monitored cytologically and colposcopically at the 3rd (time 1), 6th (time 2) and 12th months (time 3), and defined by biopsies for routine histology taken at times 2 and 3. For each patient included in the study, the immune reactivity was evaluated at the time of diagnosis and afterwards, longitudinally during the follow-up. The immune status analysis included T lymphocyte subsets (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD56, CD16 monoclonal antibodies by Beckton Dickinson, Mountain View, Calif., USA) and determinations of natural killer cell activity (against the sensitive cell line K 562). Eighteen out of the 23 women with mild cervical dysplasia (78.3%) were found positive for HPV DNA, with a significantly high representation of HPV DNA type 16 (55.6% of cases). At the end of the study, 12 out of 18 HPV-DNA-positive women became negative (defined by two or more negative tests) for the original HPV DNA type, with 66.7% of spontaneous HPV DNA negativization rate (p = 0.6).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Viral / isolation & purification*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Killer Cells, Natural / physiology*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Papillomaviridae / isolation & purification*
  • Papillomavirus Infections / immunology
  • Papillomavirus Infections / virology*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Uterine Cervical Dysplasia / immunology
  • Uterine Cervical Dysplasia / virology*


  • DNA, Viral