Rapid activation of the Stat3 transcription complex in liver regeneration

Hepatology. 1995 May;21(5):1443-9.


Liver regeneration in response to partial hepatectomy is a physiological growth response observed in the intact animal. Understanding the early signals that trigger liver regeneration is of vital importance to understand the liver's response to injury. It has been observed that several growth factors and cytokines, including epidermal growth factor (EGF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), can activate members of the signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stat) family of transcription factors resulting in tyrosine phosphorylation of these factors, nuclear translocation, and an active DNA binding transcriptional complex. Because Stat3 participates in the regulation of primary growth response genes, we wondered if it is induced in the early phase of liver regeneration. We found that Stat3 DNA-binding activity is increased in the remnant liver within 30 minutes of partial hepatectomy and peaks at more than 30-fold at 3 hours. This induction is not observed after sham surgery. The induction of Stat3 appears to be part of the initial response of the remnant liver to partial hepatectomy, because it occurs in the presence of cycloheximide-mediated protein synthesis blockade. Activation of Stat3 is unusual, because it extends beyond the immediate-early time period and remains near peak level at 5 hours posthepatectomy. Although insulin-treated H35 cells activate many of the same immediate-early genes as regenerating liver, Stat3 is not induced in these cells. Because Stat factors are known to be inactivated by protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPase), we showed that a PTPase is able to eliminate the DNA binding of hepatic Stat3.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Immediate-Early Proteins / pharmacology
  • Insulin / pharmacology
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Liver Regeneration / physiology*
  • Molecular Probes / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Trans-Activators / genetics*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Immediate-Early Proteins
  • Insulin
  • Molecular Probes
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Stat3 protein, rat
  • Trans-Activators
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
  • Ptp4a1 protein, rat