Antitumor imidazotetrazines. 32. Synthesis of novel imidazotetrazinones and related bicyclic heterocycles to probe the mode of action of the antitumor drug temozolomide

J Med Chem. 1995 Apr 28;38(9):1493-504. doi: 10.1021/jm00009a010.


A series of new imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazinones with additional hydrogen-bonding or ionic substituents at the 8-carboxamide position of the antitumor drugs temozolomide (1) and mitozolomide (2) has been prepared. None of these compounds were significantly more cytotoxic in vitro against the mouse TLX5 lymphoma than the lead structures. Molecular modeling techniques have been used to design benzo- and pyrazolo[4,3-d]-1,2,3-triazinones bearing carboxamide groups in appropriate positions which are isosteric with temozolomide and mitozolamide but which cannot ring open to alkylating species. As predicted, these compounds have no inhibitory properties against human GM892A or Raji cell lines in vitro. Temozolomide and the spermidine-temozolomide conjugate 28 preferentially methylate guanines within guanine-rich sequences in DNA, but no experimental evidence has been found to support the hypothesis that such regions are involved in catalyzing the ring opening of the imidazotetrazinone prodrugs to their active forms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / chemical synthesis*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • DNA / drug effects
  • DNA / metabolism
  • DNA Primers
  • Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Dacarbazine / chemistry
  • Dacarbazine / pharmacology
  • Heterocyclic Compounds / chemical synthesis*
  • Heterocyclic Compounds / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Probes
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Temozolomide
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • DNA Primers
  • Heterocyclic Compounds
  • Molecular Probes
  • Dacarbazine
  • DNA
  • Temozolomide