The pRB-related protein p107 contains two growth suppression domains: independent interactions with E2F and cyclin/cdk complexes

EMBO J. 1995 May 1;14(9):1904-13.

Abstract

Unregulated expression of either the retinoblastoma protein (pRB) or the related protein p107 can cause growth arrest of sensitive cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. However, growth arrests mediated by p107 and pRB are not identical. Through structure-function and co-expression analyses we have dissected the p107 molecule into two domains that independently are able to block cell cycle progression. One domain corresponds to the sequences needed for interaction with the transcription factor E2F, and the other corresponds to the interaction domain for cyclin A or cyclin E complexes. In cervical carcinoma cell line C33A, which was previously shown to be sensitive to p107 but resistant to pRB growth suppression, only the cyclin binding domain is active as a growth suppressor. Furthermore, we show that these two independent domains are functional in untransformed mouse fibroblasts. Together, these results provide experimental evidence for the presence of two functional domains in p107 and pinpoint an important functional difference between p107 and pRB.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins*
  • Cell Cycle / genetics
  • Cell Cycle / physiology
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Cell Division / genetics
  • Cell Division / physiology
  • Cell Line
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / metabolism*
  • Cyclins / metabolism*
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • E2F Transcription Factors
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Retinoblastoma-Binding Protein 1
  • Retinoblastoma-Like Protein p107
  • Transcription Factor DP1
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*

Substances

  • Arid4a protein, mouse
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cyclins
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • E2F Transcription Factors
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RBL1 protein, human
  • Rbl1 protein, mouse
  • Retinoblastoma-Binding Protein 1
  • Retinoblastoma-Like Protein p107
  • Transcription Factor DP1
  • Transcription Factors
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases