Rapid deoxyribonucleic acid analysis by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction for detection of mutations in the steroid 21-hydroxylase gene

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 May;80(5):1635-40. doi: 10.1210/jcem.80.5.7745011.


Rapid DNA analysis based on allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using mutation site-specific primers was developed to detect mutations in the CYP21 gene known to cause steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency. In contrast to the previous method, in which PCR of genomic DNA was followed by dot blot analysis with radioactive probes and multiple rounds of stripping and reprobing for each of the 8 most common mutation sites, the results using this new method were immediately visualized after the PCR run by ethidium bromide-stained agarose gel electrophoresis. Using allele-specific PCR, mutation(s) were identified on 148 affected chromosomes out of 160 tested. Although mutation(s) were identified on only one chromosome of 11 of these patients, their parents showed a consistent pattern on DNA analysis. The only exception was that in one family, in which the parents each had a detectable mutation, a mutation was detected on only one allele of the patient. Most likely there is a mutation in the patient's other allele that could have arisen de novo or was inherited from the parent and was not evident in the transmitting parent's phenotype. When compared with the dot blot procedure, allele-specific PCR is more rapid, less labor-intensive, and avoids the use of radioactivity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alleles*
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genes*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Oligonucleotide Probes / genetics
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*
  • Steroid 21-Hydroxylase / genetics*
  • Time Factors


  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • DNA
  • Steroid 21-Hydroxylase